VaPo Ransomware Description
The VaPo Ransomware is a file-locking Trojan that's a variant of Xorist Ransomware, a freeware Trojan-constructing tool. Besides blocking files with encryption, it also resets the user's desktop wallpaper and creates ransom notes that demand a Bitcoin ransom for unlocking data. As usual, an effective backup plan negates this extortion, and most cyber-security services will remove the VaPo Ransomware instantly.
Free Trojans Remaining a Threat Actor's Tool of Last Resort Predictably
Early versions of the Xorist Ransomware include such cases as the Crypto1CoinBlocker Ransomware and the 'email@example.com' Ransomware, but the family has a long-lived reputation. As a free Trojan-building program that's rich with options and requires no programming knowledge, Xorist Ransomware remains active even in 2021. More recent attacks, like th Omfl Ransomware, or the newest 'firstname.lastname@example.org' Ransomware, attest to its ongoing popularity with non-discerning threat actors.
Users encountering the VaPo Ransomware in the wild should concern themselves, primarily, with its encryption feature. This attack blocks most of the commonly used media formats today, such as documents, music, spreadsheets and pictures. After locking the file, the Xorist Ransomware family's kit offers a customizable extension, which, for the VaPo Ransomware, is 'VaPo.'
Another familial feature that not all threat actors take advantage of is hijacking the user's wallpaper or desktop background. The VaPo Ransomware's campaign uses it for displaying a ransom note, which supplements the text file and pop-up with equivalent instructions. Victims see instructions asking for 0.04 Bitcoins (a value of two thousand USD currently), complete with wallet and e-mail addresses and links to third-party cryptocurrency websites.
Because criminals may not unlock the files afterward, users should hesitate before paying this fee. Malware experts suggest having backups for Windows users, especially, that can withstand these attacks and offer an affordable data recovery path.
Guaranteeing Hackers Get What They 'Paid' For
Because the VaPo Ransomware is part of a free family, users may recover their files by running them through a free Xorist Ransomware decryptor. There are risks to this process, and users should copy any 'locked' files before the attempt.
The VaPo Ransomware only targets Windows systems, and its campaign is leaning towards compromising servers instead of home users. Server administrators should take conventional precautions, like using strong passwords, not neglecting their software updates and restricting RDP access. Malware experts also recommend additional care while interacting with e-mail attachments and links, which may carry disguised attacks.
Windows users can prevent infections with traditional security and anti-malware products, which can detect most drive-by-download exploits and block them automatically. The same services also will remove the VaPo Ransomware, which is identifiable as a Xorist Ransomware variant conveniently.
Whether one's files come to two thousand dollars might be a good question, but not one that anyone should have to answer. As usual, anyone following the right steps for keeping their media collections safe can ignore the VaPo Ransomware's ransom without even the slightest temptation.