Wbxd Ransomware Description
The Wbxd Ransomware is a file-locking Trojan from the STOP Ransomware or Djvu Ransomware family, a dedicated Ransomware-as-a-Service. Users with infections may find that their files don't open, their web browsers don't load security-related websites, and their local backups are missing. Non-local, secure backups are highly preferable for restoring any lost work, and most PC security programs will delete the Wbxd Ransomware from infected Windows systems.
Loading Up the Start of the Year with Trojan Business
Ransomware-as-a-Service's testament to longevity lies in its constituent members and variants, including prominent families like the STOP Ransomware. With Windows systems continuously at risk from their secure encryption and related attacks, users who don't mind their security still are liable for ending up on the wrong side of a Trojan like the Wbxd Ransomware. This Windows Trojan is the latest example of STOP Ransomware in threat databases, with UPX packing as a basic form of identity obfuscation.
The Wbxd Ransomware remains adept at blocking files using the no-need-for-updating, AES-based encryption routine, secure against any casual decryption attempts. The attack locks media files such as most documents, text, spreadsheets, databases, pictures, music, movies and archives. The extension the Trojan appends, from its name, is a hallmark of the STOP Ransomware: a set of four, randomly-chosen characters, in the vein of the Vpsh Ransomware, the Agho Ransomware, the Sglh Ransomware or the Copa Ransomware.
Victims also should be ready for other symptoms of this family, which disrupt data access and would-be troubleshooting attempts:
- The Wbxd Ransomware may block websites by changing their Hosts File entries (a text component of Windows)
- The Trojan may delete data related to the Shadow Volume Copies or the Restore Points
- It also may disable security zone and intranet features (through the Registry)
The Wbxd Ransomware also creates a ransom note under the standard template for the STOP Ransomware to monetize its attacks. This English message asks for hundreds of dollars for unlocking the files and provides e-mails for negotiations and recovery.
A Plan for Fresh Years with Stale Ransoms
Because of the limitations around decryption without the usually-private keys, users never should assume that files under a file-locking attack are directly recoverable. Malware researchers also recommend against keeping all backups on local drives, which are at extreme risk from the Wbxd Ransomware and hundreds of similar Trojans. Regularly saving a backup to a cloud server or 'air-gap' storage, such as USBs, will eliminate the Wbxd Ransomware's chances of taking any files as hostages.
Users can reverse some of the Wbxd Ransomware infections' effects by re-altering settings like the Hosts File manually or downloading a 'clean' version from Google or Microsoft sources. Still, they should stop most infections before they start by implementing the usual safety standards. Examples of defenses appropriate to all users include:
- Avoiding illicit downloads.
- Scanning files from e-mail or social messaging links with trustworthy security products.
Most Windows-compatible security software should catch the Wbxd Ransomware before installation and remove the Trojan after an infection. However, they can't decrypt or unlock files.
The Wbxd Ransomware existence, like other variants from Ransomware-as-a-Services, speaks to the poor security of Windows users at home and work. Since Trojans like these proliferate thanks to neglected backup standards, every backup kept in reasonable condition is another ransom shot down before it happens, which always is the most affordable option.