Sednit (Sofacy)

Sednit (Sofacy) Description

sofacy sednit us election malware attackSednit, also detected as Sofacy, is a threat that has been used by hackers as part of Pawn Storm attacks (a well-used cyber-infiltration method that targets government, media, and military-related organization). Sednit was developed to trespass its targets security and protection in order to register any useful information.

Sednit may invade a computer when the computer user clicks on a spam e-mail attachment that will trigger the installation of Sednit. Another invasion method used by Sednit is a phishing attack that involves Outlook Web Access users. Usually, ordinary computer users will not be attacked by Sednit since they do not belong to the targeted group selected by Pawn Storm attacks and, consequently, Sednit. However, we never know what the future has in store for computer users.

US Election Malware Attack details uncovered

Diving into additional details about Sednit, or what is sometimes referred to as containing the malware threat Sofacy, Fancy Bear, APT28, or STRONTIUM, is that hackers have levered these threats in a way to steal data from particular targets. Moreover, the same Sofacy malware was claimed to be used in a hacking case in the Central Election Commission attack and found on the servers of the Democratic National Committee (DNC).

Sofacy, or Sednit, or any one of the various names used to identify the threat as a whole, has close ties to the Russian interface during the 2016 US elections.

Sofacy remains to be a culprit in the 2016 DNC Server attack

For obvious reasons, the 2016 US presidential election cycle had many suspected cases of hacking attacks, one of which was the DNC servers where Sofacy was uncovered. It is possible that Sofacy was utilized in many other cases of attacking servers belonging to entities involved with the presidential election. However, we're not ones to claim or expose such matters as they are highly controversial.

What we do know about Sofacy is that it was welded by hackers that originate out of Russia and other countries known for using aggressive malware threats to attack systems for the purpose of compromising data. No doubt that the US presidential campaign trail was one where everyone grappled for data or “dirt” on their opponent. Threats like Sofacy were certainly utilized by parties, mostly those out of foreign areas.

Sofacy origins and associations

Sofacy/Sednit dates back to 2015 when computer security researchers started seeing new components being developed by the culprits behind Sofacy. The Sednit backdoor threat, a spreading component of Sofacy at the time, is suspected to be a newer variation of a family belonging to downloaders and backdoors that compromise systems in ways that stored data may be accessed and stolen. The data gathered by Sofacy may be accessed by remote attackers, where many of the victims have been in various regions of the world. In fact, Zebrocy, believed to be the malware family that Sofacy/Sednit belongs to, is known to have three variations that coded in different languages, all on programmed with a quest to collect data from a compromised system. Zebrocy is known to have victims located in several countries, such as Azerbaijan, Bosnia, Egypt, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, Zimbabwe, and many others.

Remedying Sofacy's path of destruction

Computer users and server administrators must be aware of the complications of threats like Sofacy. An attack orchestrated through Sofacy, and its large family of data-compromising threats could have grave consequences when private data is later exposed as a result. In any given case of suspecting such an attack or infection on a system, the users or administrators must take prompt action to remedy the satiation with the necessary resources before it's too late.

Do You Suspect Your PC May Be Infected with Sednit (Sofacy) & Other Threats? Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

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Note: SpyHunter's scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read more on SpyHunter. Free Remover allows you to run a one-off scan and receive, subject to a 48-hour waiting period, one remediation and removal. Free Remover subject to promotional details and Special Promotion Terms. To understand our policies, please also review our EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria. If you no longer wish to have SpyHunter installed on your computer, follow these steps to uninstall SpyHunter.

Security Doesn't Let You Download SpyHunter or Access the Internet?

Solutions: Your computer may have malware hiding in memory that prevents any program, including SpyHunter, from executing on your computer. Follow to download SpyHunter and gain access to the Internet:
  • Use an alternative browser. Malware may disable your browser. If you're using IE, for example, and having problems downloading SpyHunter, you should open Firefox, Chrome or Safari browser instead.
  • Use a removable media. Download SpyHunter on another clean computer, burn it to a USB flash drive, DVD/CD, or any preferred removable media, then install it on your infected computer and run SpyHunter's malware scanner.
  • Start Windows in Safe Mode. If you can not access your Window's desktop, reboot your computer in "Safe Mode with Networking" and install SpyHunter in Safe Mode.
  • IE Users: Disable proxy server for Internet Explorer to browse the web with Internet Explorer or update your anti-spyware program. Malware modifies your Windows settings to use a proxy server to prevent you from browsing the web with IE.
If you still can't install SpyHunter? View other possible causes of installation issues.

Technical Information

File System Details

Sednit (Sofacy) creates the following file(s):
# File Name Size MD5 Detection Count
1 %COMMONPROGRAMFILES(x86)%\system\splm.dll\splm.dll 265,216 ee64d3273f9b4d80020c24edcbbf961e 1
2 C:\ProgramData\sdbn.dll 301,056 374896a75493a406eb427f35eec86fe5 1
3 file.exe 147,968 df895e6479abf85c4c65d7d3a2451ddb 0
4 file.dll 108,544 4b04b04c9d60bd2d75773298633f26e8 0
More files

Registry Details

Sednit (Sofacy) creates the following registry entry or registry entries:
Regexp file mask
%COMMONPROGRAMFILES%\Microsoft Shared\MSInfo\mfxscom.dll
%COMMONPROGRAMFILES(x86)%\Microsoft Shared\MSInfo\mfxscom.dll
%LOCALAPPDATA%\CtlOptimization.exe
%LOCALAPPDATA%\NetIds.dll
%UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\CtlOptimization.exe
%UserProfile%\Local Settings\Application Data\NetIds.dll

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