Energetic Bear

Energetic Bear Description

The Energetic Bear is a hacking group that is considered to be an APT (Advanced Persistent Threat). This hacking group also is known under two other aliases – Crouching Yeti and Dragonfly. Energetic Bear tends to target high-ranking personnel in the industrial sector, as well as the energy sector. The Energetic Bear group usually changes its region of preference over time. In general, most of their targets are concentrated in the U.S. and Europe, but in 2016 and 2017, most of their efforts were concentrated in Turkey.

Most Targets Operate within the Industrial and Energy Sectors

Energetic Bear tends to use a wide variety of offensive techniques along with highly creative methods of delivering their malware to the intended targets. It is common for Energetic Bear to compromise a server and turn it into a corrupted host, which would propagate executable code to run on the systems of the users who visit the compromised website. This is otherwise known as a watering hole attack. Another attack technique used by Energetic Bear is using compromised systems as a part of their C&C (Command & Control) infrastructure. These hijacked devices are then utilized for dumping gathered data and logs.

Tools Used By Energetic Bear

The Energetic Bear group employs a list of publicly available software solutions:

  • Subbrute.
  • Impacket.
  • PHPMailer.
  • Commix.
  • Wpscan.
  • Sublist3r.
  • Sqlmap.
  • Nmap.
  • SMBTrap.
  • Dirsearch.

The Energetic Bear group uses the Wpscan application to detect any potential vulnerabilities, which may be present on remote WordPress websites. To locate any data over the SMB protocol, the hacking group employs the SMBTrap tool. The same application can be used to collect their victim’s password NTML hash. If they are successful in this endeavor, the attackers can then execute pass-the-hash attacks at a later date.

Energetic Bear Uses PHP Shells in Its Campaigns

When Energetic Bear manages to compromise a host, they can plant specific Web shells (PHP) on them, provided that the system is connected to the Internet. The main purpose of these PHP shells is to allow their operators to execute remote commands on the infected machine. This enables the attackers to gain almost complete control over the compromised system. When studying a PHP file linked to the Energetic Bear operations, cybersecurity researchers discovered that the attackers are likely using phishing email campaigns to propagate malware.

Malware experts find the Energetic Bear group rather intriguing because instead of building malware or buying readily available hacking tools, these individuals have opted to rely on legitimate software for their threatening campaigns entirely.

Do You Suspect Your PC May Be Infected with Energetic Bear & Other Threats? Scan Your PC with SpyHunter

SpyHunter is a powerful malware remediation and protection tool designed to help provide PC users with in-depth system security analysis, detection and removal of a wide range of threats like Energetic Bear as well as a one-on-one tech support service. Download SpyHunter's FREE Malware Remover
Note: SpyHunter's scanner is only for malware detection. If SpyHunter detects malware on your PC, you will need to purchase SpyHunter's malware removal tool to remove the malware threats. Read more on SpyHunter. Free Remover allows you to run a one-off scan and receive, subject to a 48-hour waiting period, one remediation and removal. Free Remover subject to promotional details and Special Promotion Terms. To understand our policies, please also review our EULA, Privacy Policy and Threat Assessment Criteria. If you no longer wish to have SpyHunter installed on your computer, follow these steps to uninstall SpyHunter.

Security Doesn't Let You Download SpyHunter or Access the Internet?

Solutions: Your computer may have malware hiding in memory that prevents any program, including SpyHunter, from executing on your computer. Follow to download SpyHunter and gain access to the Internet:
  • Use an alternative browser. Malware may disable your browser. If you're using IE, for example, and having problems downloading SpyHunter, you should open Firefox, Chrome or Safari browser instead.
  • Use a removable media. Download SpyHunter on another clean computer, burn it to a USB flash drive, DVD/CD, or any preferred removable media, then install it on your infected computer and run SpyHunter's malware scanner.
  • Start Windows in Safe Mode. If you can not access your Window's desktop, reboot your computer in "Safe Mode with Networking" and install SpyHunter in Safe Mode.
  • IE Users: Disable proxy server for Internet Explorer to browse the web with Internet Explorer or update your anti-spyware program. Malware modifies your Windows settings to use a proxy server to prevent you from browsing the web with IE.
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