Threat Database Backdoors WARMCOOKIE Backdoor


A backdoor malware, such as WARMCOOK, is a threatening software created to exploit computer vulnerabilities, allowing unauthorized access and control. These programs aim to establish a hidden entry point, enabling attackers to carry out various harmful activities, including the installation of additional malware. Indeed, the primary purpose of WAMCOOKIE is to facilitate further infections by downloading and installing next-stage malware threats onto compromised systems.

This malware variant, known as WARMCOOKIE, has been identified as early as the spring of 2024, with potentially even earlier versions in circulation. Researchers warn that  WARMCOOKIE is actively distributed through targeted email spam campaigns, where unsuspecting users are tricked into opening malicious attachments or clicking on fraudulent links.

Cybercriminals Trick Victims with Phishing Emails

WARMCOOKIE was distributed through targeted spam email campaigns that used job-related themes to lure recipients. These emails impersonated legitimate recruitment firms, addressing victims by their real names and providing details like their current employment position, making them appear authentic.

Recipients were enticed to click on a link in the email, believing it would lead them to an internal system to review a job offer. However, this link redirected them through a series of compromised websites, often hosted on reputable domains, ultimately leading to a fraud-related website.

On the landing page, which appeared to be part of the recruitment process, victims were presented with personalized information to enhance credibility. They were prompted to download a document detailing the job offer, with a CAPTCHA test required before proceeding.

Once the CAPTCHA was completed, victims unknowingly downloaded an obfuscated JavaScript file. This file executed a PowerShell script designed to infect systems with Warmcookie, establishing the backdoor access and initiating further malicious activities.

The WARMCOOKIE Backdoor could Expose Victims to More Malware Threats

WARMCOOKIE, despite its relatively limited capabilities, serves a crucial role as a backdoor malware by providing an initial entry point into targeted networks. Like many backdoors, WARMCOOKIE is designed with anti-analysis features to evade detection, such as anti-debugging mechanisms and the ability to detect sandbox environments. Moreover, it ensures persistence by scheduling itself to run every ten minutes, allowing it to maintain control over the compromised system.

Once successfully infiltrated, WARMCOOKIE initiates its operations in two stages. Initially, it collects essential information from the infected machine, including volume serial number, DNS domain, device name, and username. This data is then transmitted to the attackers' Command-and-Control (C&C) server, which is hardcoded into the malware.

In its second stage, WARMCOOKIE continues to gather information, focusing on extracting CPU details, the victim's IP address, and a comprehensive list of installed software, including names, versions, and installation dates.

WARMCOOKIE possesses the capability to execute various commands on infected systems, such as reading files, capturing screenshots and downloading additional files onto compromised devices. Its primary function lies in downloading and installing additional malware, thereby perpetuating further infections.

While backdoors theoretically have the potential to introduce any type of malware into systems, they typically operate within certain constraints. In the case of WARMCOOKIE, this could lead to the installation of trojan viruses or similar malicious software, extending the scope of the infection and posing greater threats to affected systems.


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